中国康复理论与实践 ›› 2023, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 88-92.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-9771.2023.01.013

• 应用研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

加拿大作业表现量表结合作业活动分析在手部损伤患者中的应用

伊文超1, 高秋野1, 范亚蓓1, 丁薇2, 陈欣2, 赵小龙3, 曹蓉1()   

  1. 1.南京医科大学第一附属医院康复医学中心,江苏南京市 210029
    2.南京医科大学,江苏南京市 210029
    3.滨州医学院,山东烟台市 264003
  • 收稿日期:2022-09-24 修回日期:2022-11-07 出版日期:2023-01-25 发布日期:2023-02-17
  • 通讯作者: 曹蓉, E-mail: houpu0000@163.com
  • 作者简介:伊文超(1986-),女,汉族,山东淄博市人,硕士,主管治疗师,主要研究方向:作业治疗、作业科学、手功能康复、认知康复。

Application of Canadian Occupational Performance Measure combined with activity analysis in clients with hand injuries

YI Wenchao1, GAO Qiuye1, FAN Yabei1, DING Wei2, CHEN Xin2, ZHAO Xiaolong3, CAO Rong1()   

  1. 1. Rehabilitation Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China
    2. Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China
    3. Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, Shandong 264003, China
  • Received:2022-09-24 Revised:2022-11-07 Online:2023-01-25 Published:2023-02-17
  • Contact: CAO Rong, E-mail: houpu0000@163.com

摘要:

目的 探讨手部损伤患者的作业需求以及基于活动分析的作业干预的效果。

方法 选取2021年1月至2022年6月期间因腕手部损伤于南京医科大学第一附属医院康复医学中心进行作业治疗的患者212例,使用加拿大作业表现量表(COPM)进行面谈,收集患者“想做”“需要做”“被期望去做”但目前因损伤无法完成的作业需求,由2名高年资作业治疗师对作业需求进行活动分析,找出影响作业需求的作业成分,设计针对性的干预方案。干预前后采用COPM对表现和满意度进行评价。

结果 累计收集到84项作业需求,涉及工作、基本日常生活活动、工具性日常生活活动、休闲娱乐和睡眠5大领域,累及率较高的作业活动是使用电脑(8.28%)、用筷子吃饭(6.42%)、拧毛巾(6.25%)、骑行交通工具出行(4.90%)和提重物(4.73%)等。治疗后,COPM表现分和满意度显著提高(t > 16.572, P < 0.001)。

结论 手部损伤患者作业需求具有当地文化特点;采用基于活动分析的作业干预能有效满足患者的作业需求。

关键词: 手部损伤, 加拿大作业表现量表, 功能性评估, 作业需求

Abstract:

Objective To explore the occupational needs of hand injury patients and the effects of activity-based analysis and occupation-based interventions.

Methods From January, 2021 to June, 2022, 212 patients who accepted occupational therapy for wrist-hand injury in Rehabilitation Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were interviewed using Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) to collect the activities that they wanted to do, needed to do, were expected to do, but unable to do. Two senior occupational therapists conducted the activity analysis of the summarized needs, identified occupational components, designed a purposeful occupation-based intervention program, and evaluated the performance and satisfaction using COPM.

Results A cumulative total of 84 occupational needs were proposed, covering five major domains: work, basic activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, leisure and sleep. The activities mostly impaired involved using computer (8.28%), using chopsticks (6.42%), wringing towels (6.25%), travelling on transport (4.90%) and lifting heavy objects (4.73%). The performance and satisfaction improved after treatment (t > 16.572, P < 0.001).

Conclusion The occupational needs are culturally specific for local hand injury patients; the use of an activity-based analysis and occupation-based intervention is effective on meeting the occupational needs.

Key words: hand injury, Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, functional assessment, occupational needs

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