Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ›› 2019, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (7): 761-765.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-9771.2019.07.003

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Swallowing Dysfunction for Old People in Nursing Homes in Ningbo

GAO Wei-wei1, ZHANG Xiao-xiao2, BAI Yin-ting3   

  1. 1.Ningbo College of Health Sciences, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315100, China
    2.Zhejiang University Mingzhou Hospital, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315100, China
    3.Shanghai Taiyige Speech and Hearing Rehabilitation Center, Shanghai 200050, China
  • Received:2018-08-08 Revised:2018-10-17 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-07-23
  • Contact: GAO Wei-wei
  • Supported by:
    Supported by Ningbo Health and Endowment Collaborative Innovation Center Project (No. NBYL201707)

Abstract: Objective To investigate the prevalence of dysphagia in old people in nursing homes in Ningbo and analyze its related factors. Methods From August, 2017 to April, 2018, 997 people aged 60 or above were selected from eight nursing homes in four districts in Ningbo. They were investigated with general questionnaire, Kubota water swallowing test, body mass index (BMI) and Quality of Life Index (QLI), and the data were analyzed with Logistic regression. Results There were 259 (25.98%) persons with dysphagia. Age, male, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, stroke and fracture were risk factors for dysphagia (P < 0.01). There were 19.2% with low BMI in total, and 63.3% for dysphagia. The total score of QLI decreased with age (F = 18.706, P < 0.001), more in males than in females (t = 2.516, P = 0.012), and less in those with dysphagia than with normal swallowing (t = 7.176, P < 0.001). Conclusion Dysphagia is prevalent in the old people in nursing homes in Ningbo, which needs early intervention.

Key words: aged, nursing home, dysphagia, epidemiology, related factors

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