Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ›› 2023, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 77-81.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-9771.2023.01.011

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Effect of multimodal mirror therapy on upper limb and hand function for stroke patients

SUN Fengbao1,2, ZHANG Xiaofeng2, LIU Yong2, XU Zhitao2, JIN Zhenhua2()   

  1. 1. Zhejiang University of Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310053, China
    2. Center for Rehabilitation Medicine, Rehabilitation & Sports Medicine Research Institute of Zhejiang Province, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Affiliated People's Hospital, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, China
  • Received:2022-10-25 Revised:2022-12-08 Online:2023-01-25 Published:2023-02-17
  • Contact: JIN Zhenhua, E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Public Welfare Technology Application Research Project(LGF21H170005)


Objective To investigate the effect of multimodal mirror therapy on upper limb and hand function in stroke patients.

Methods From April, 2021 to August, 2022, 60 stroke patients from the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were randomly divided into group A (n = 20), group B (n = 20) and group C (n = 20). All the patients accepted routine rehabilitation, while group B accepted mirror therapy, and group C accepted multimodal mirror therapy, in addition, for six weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), Upper Extremity Function Test (UEFT) and modified Barthel Index (MBI), while the maximum grip strength and pinch strength of the affected hand were measured.

Results The FMA-UE score, UEFT score, maximum hand grip strength and pinch strength, and MBI scores improved in all groups after treatment (|t| > 7.878, P < 0.001), and it was the most in group C (F> 12.563, P< 0.001).

Conclusion Multimodal mirror therapy may further improve the upper limb motor function and hand function of stroke patients, as well as the strength of the affected hand and the activities of daily living.

Key words: stroke, mirror therapy, upper limb function, hand function

CLC Number: