《Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice》 ›› 2023, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 1304-1315.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-9771.2023.11.008

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Early screening tools for autism spectrum disorder in the past two decades: a visualized analysis

HU Jiaquan1, ZHU Liling2, JIANG Zhimei1,3()   

  1. 1. The Third Affiliated Hospital of Jiamusi University, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang 154007, China
    2. School of Public Health, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang 154007, China
    3. School of Rebalititation Medicine, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang 154007, China
  • Received:2022-08-15 Revised:2023-09-05 Published:2023-11-25 Online:2023-11-30
  • Contact: JIANG Zhimei, E-mail: mynard93@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Jiamusi University Excellent Discipline Team Project(JDXKTD-2019006);Jiamusi University Doctoral Special Research Fund Initiation Project(JMSUZB2018-03)


Objective To analyze the research hotspots and frontier trends in the field of early screening tools of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) over the past two decades.

Methods The literature on early screening tools for ASD was searched in Web of Science core collection database from 2002 to 2022. CiteSpace was used for cluster analysis of keywords, to draw knowledge mapping. Research disciplines were analyzed and comprehensively interpreted.

Results A total of 115 articles were included. The number of researches on early screening tools for ASD had been increasing over the past two decades. The research disciplines with higher publication volume included pediatrics, neurology and neuroscience, and psychology. A total of 191 keywords were identified, and the LLR keyword clustering analysis yielded eleven clusters.

Conclusion Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-up (M-CHAT-R/F) and Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) have been subjected to large-scale sample screening and follow-up observation for validity, demonstrating good psychometric properties and high clinical diagnostic value. The development of new early screening tools for ASD, validation of the reliability and validity of different language versions of the M-CHAT-R/F, and research on digital and networked M-CHAT-R/F are current research hotspots. Cultural adaptation of early screening tools for ASD and their application within the developmental monitoring framework may represent frontier research trends.

Key words: autism spectrum disorder, early screening tools, bibliometrics, visualized analysis

CLC Number: