《Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice》 ›› 2019, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (5): 529-533.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-9771.2019.05.006

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Obesity and Dietary Nutrition in Stroke Patients during Rehabilitation

SHI Wen-li, ZHENG Xin, LIU Zhi-qing   

  1. Department of Clinic Nutrition, Beijing Bo'ai Hospital, China Rehabilitation Research Center, Beijing 100068, China
  • Received:2018-11-24 Revised:2019-01-29 Published:2019-05-25 Online:2019-05-29
  • Contact: ZHENG Xin, E-mail: zhengxinasd@sina.com
  • Supported by:
    China Rehabilitation Research Center Project (No. 2015ZX-22)

Abstract: Objective To observe the condition of obesity and dietary nutrition for stroke patients accepting rehabilitation.Methods From November, 2015 to June, 2018, 115 inpatients were investigated their height, body mass, somatotype and dietary. They were divided into 18-49 year-old group (n = 41), 50-64 year-old group (n = 54) and ≥ 65 year-old group (n = 20). Results The ratio of overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity were high in all the groups. There were significant differences in the overweight/obesity ratio among the three groups (χ2 = 6.978, P < 0.05), but not in abdominal obesity ratio (χ2 = 3.290, P > 0.05). Their intake of energy, carbohydrate, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin E, calcium, potassium, magnesium and selenium in all the groups was less than the recommendation (t > 2.548, P < 0.05), while the intake of cholesterol, iron, phosphorus and copper was more (t > 2.476, P < 0.05). The intake of protein and fat was more than the recommendation in the 18-49 year-old and the 50-64 year-old groups (t > 2.041, P < 0.05), and the intake of niacin was more than the recommendation in the 18-49 year-old group (t = 2.239, P < 0.05). Conclusion For stroke inpatients accepting rehabilitation, it is necessary to supply dietary with suitable energy, enough carbohydrate, less fat, and sufficient protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2 and dietary fiber in the diet.

Key words: stroke, rehabilitation, obesity, nutrition

CLC Number: